Island of Brac

Island of Brac is one of the sunniest Adriatic area with over 2,700 sunny hours in the year, more precisely 9 to 12 in the summer and over 4 hours in the winter a day.
The average summer temperature is 23.8 ° C and in winter 8.6 ° C. These are typical Mediterranean climate features: long, warm and dry summers, and short and mild winters.

With a surface of 394 km2, length 40 and width of 13 km, Brač is the most widespread island of Dalmatia, the third largest of 1185 islands, islets, cliffs and ridges on the Croatian Adriatic coast.
With its mountain Vidova gora (778 m) it is also the highest island of the Adriatic islands.

Today there are 22 villages on Brac, 12 inhabited and 5 abandoned. All the sites are connected by asphalt roads, and the distance between them is insignificant.

Brac is very well connected with the mainland and all over Europe. All the seaside resorts with Split are connected by daily boat connections (ferries, catamarans). Ferry services Split – Supetar and Makarska – Sumartin are performed several times a day.
Brac has its own airport so it is connected to Zagreb, Split and all parts of Europe.

It is easy to reach Brač, enjoy a pleasant holiday. Countless beaches and bays excite you to the Brac from all sides.

For centuries, the struggle of Brač inhabitants against the stone for a piece of cultivating land lasted.
They picked up small fields of stone and created terrestrial land, where, despite the nature, they raised vineyards and olive groves.

In addition to cattle breeding, olive growing and vineyards, one of the most important activities on the island since its inception is quarrying.
Numerous buildings were built on Brač stone; in the antique period of Diocletian’s Palace in Split, and in the recent period of the White House in Washington.

The first inhabitants of the island were Illyrians. They sprang up the interior of the island, where there were many castles and numerous pilgrims on prominent peaks.

The name of the island of Brač (Bratza, Brattia, Brectia, Bractia, Brazza) is mentioned for the first time in the 10th century. It is considered today that Brac owes its name to one of the most noble animals – the Illyrian brenton (Greek elaphos), and that Brac was enrolled under the name of Brentist and Elaphus.

Brac’s oldest town is Skrip. From Roman times there are many archeological finds mostly located in Roman quarries and their economic assets.

Most important historical places on the island are: the Old Christian basilic in Povlja (St. John the Baptist), Lovrecina (St. Lovre), Supetar (St. Peter on the site of today’s parish church), Splitska (St. Jadre) and Postira (northern side of the parish church of St. John Baptist), and Pucisca (St. Stephen).
Special value are 18 (known) old Croatian churches on the top of the hills dated between 9th and 12th century.

A special type of monastery – church monuments from 15th and 16th century – were Glagolitic hermits on the southern slopes of Brač. Most attractive are: Dragon’s caves above Murvica with the famous rustic relief with alleged scenes from the Apocalypse and the Blaca desert south of Nerežišća and Dračevica, as well as the Franciscan monastery in Sumartin and the Dominican monastery in Bol with its museum possessing a rich collection cemeteries, numismatics and a collection of maritime archeology, and a collection of misguid dresses and rich archival material.

Due to the Ottoman dangers from the sea and the northern side of the Brac, the Bračans built defense castles instead of the rich civil buildings. Especially in Pucisca which built 13 defensive castles. This place is also known as “the tower of Tower”.

Brač has created many buildings of great monumental value and carved in stone numerous reliefs of enviable artistic value.

The stone builders and sculptors Juraj Dalmatinac (+ 1473), Andrija Aleši (1504), Nikola Firentinac (+1505) and many others built the constructions of the cathedral in Trogir, Šibenik, Pag, Rab and in Italy.